Indonesia is a country located in Southeast Asia, consisting of thousands of islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Here is some more detailed information on the topics you mentioned:

History: Indonesia has a long and rich history, with evidence of human habitation dating back to around 40,000 years ago. The region was influenced by Indian and Chinese traders, and the Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms of Srivijaya and Majapahit flourished in the region from the 7th to the 15th centuries. The arrival of Islam in the 13th century led to the rise of the Islamic sultanates, which ruled until the arrival of the Dutch in the 17th century. Indonesia declared its independence from the Netherlands in 1945.

Geography: Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia and Oceania, and consists of over 17,000 islands, with a total land area of 1.9 million square kilometers. The country is located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia.

Official Name: The official name of Indonesia is the Republic of Indonesia.

Climate: Indonesia has a tropical climate, with hot and humid temperatures year-round. The country experiences two main seasons: a dry season from May to September and a rainy season from October to April.

Population: Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world, with a population of over 270 million people. The country is home to over 300 different ethnic groups, with the Javanese being the largest ethnic group.

Major Festivals: Indonesia has many festivals throughout the year, including:

  • Nyepi: A Hindu festival celebrated in Bali, where people observe a day of silence and reflection.
  • Galungan and Kuningan: A Balinese Hindu festival celebrating the victory of good over evil.
  • Lebaran: A Muslim festival celebrating the end of Ramadan.
  • Toraja Funeral Ceremony: A unique funeral ceremony held by the Toraja people in Sulawesi.

Sea and Oceans Nearby: Indonesia is surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and has many seas nearby, including the Java Sea, Bali Sea, Flores Sea, Banda Sea, and Celebes Sea.

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