Religious City Janakpur
Religious City Janakpur
The first millennium BC text ShatapathaBrahmana tells that the Nepalese Maithil king MāthavaVidegha, led by his priest GotamaRahugana, first crossed the Sadānirā (Gandaki) river and founded the South Asian kingdom of Videha, whose capital city was Janakpur. As GotamaRahugana composed many hymns in the Rigveda, these events must date to the Regvedic period. As people recognize this place as religious city Janakpur is also the popular destination for both national as well as foreign tourists.
Her father, King Janak of Videha, found baby Sita in a furrow of a field on a visit to Siraha and raised her as his daughter. Though many royal suitors tried, Rama, prince of Ayodhya, alone could even lift the bow. As Rama and Sita are major figures in Hinduism, Janakpur is an important Nepalese pilgrimage site for Hindus all over the world.
In addition, Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, and Vardhamana Mahavira, the 24th and final Tirthankara of the Jain religion, are said to have lived in Janakpur. The region was an important centre for Nepalese history of Mithila during the first millennium.
The center of Janakpur is dominated by the impressive JanakiMandir to the north and west of the bazaar. This temple, one of the biggest in Nepal, was built in 1898 (1955 in the Nepali calendar) by Queen BrisabhanuKunwar of Tikamgarh. In 1657, the great saint and poet SannyasiShurkishordas discovered a golden statue of the Goddess Sita at the exact place where she was born, which ultimately became the location of the current JanakiMandir, the Temple of Sita. Shurkishordas is considered to be the founder of modern Janakpur. Queen BrisabhanuKunwari of Tikamgarh built the JanakiMandir in 1911.
Tens of thousands of pilgrims visit Janakpur to pay homage to Sita at the time of VivahPanchami, the marriage day of Sita and Ram (the fifth day of the ShuklaPaksha or waxing phase of moon in November/December) and on Ram Navami, the birthday of Lord Rama (the ninth day of the Hindu month of Chaitra, which begins with the new moon in March/April).
Janakpur is also known as city of 52 kunda&72 kuti.The two most important, DhanushSagar and Ganga Sagar, are located close to the city center. The evening aarti at Ganga Sagar is most fascinating to the pilgrims. This also has religious connotations.
Similarly, Ramanand Gate is famous as Asia’s big gate lying at Ramanand Chowk.
Religious Celebration of Janakpur
Furthermore, Major religious celebrations include the major Hindu festivals such as Dipawali, and Vijayadashami followed by spectacular Chhath (sun worship) six days after Dipawali. Furthermore, the locals feel proud of these festivals .
Similarly, Many people offer prostrated obeisance’s along the entire eight km route. Two other festivals honor Rama and Sita:Rama Navami, the birthday of Lord Rama, in March–April, draws thousands of pilgrims. And the VivahPanchami or Vivah festival re-enacts the wedding of Rama and Sita at the famous VivahMandap temple on the fifth day of the waxing moon in November or early December(after KartikPurnima),where Rama broke the bow of Shiva.
In fact, Maithili women are popular for their traditional art, especially their paintings on pottery, walls and courtyards. These Mithila Paintings are famous internationally.
Similarly, the narrow-gauge Janakpur Railway is the only operational railway in Nepal.
Similarly, Janakpur has a domestic airport with most flights connecting to Kathmandu. Frequent bus services operate between Janakpur and other cities of Nepal. Furthermore, Travelers may hire cycle rickshaws/ E-rickas, Tempo / Taxi or take city buses and autos. Similarly, Local people also use bicycles.
Janakpur has five movie theaters:
1. Aasha Cinema Hall
2. Girija Hall
3. Shri Hanuman Talkies
4. Neelam Theater
5. Ram Janaki Picture Palace
Khusboo Gupta | Janakpurdham, Dhanusha | Photo: Khusboo Gupta | Duke Nepal Adventure